The case to consider victimological factors when analysing organised crime characteristics.

Mr Mark Langhorn1

1Victoria Police, Dandenong, Australia

It was identified through this Australian study undertaken by Inspector Mark Langhorn, that organised crime groups operate in a variety of criminal markets and as a result the methodology of organised crime groups also vary.  It was identified that the current attributes of the Sleipnir framework of Organised Crime did not reflect the link or reliance an organised crime group may have on victims to succeed in their criminal endeavours.  To succeed in human trafficking operations the level of victimisation against an individual would be considered an essential element to undertake the crime.  In contrast, crimes against statute, such as firearms trafficking, would have a lower level of victimisation as individuals or groups of people are unlikely to be harmed, injured or subject to economic loss to facilitate such a crime.  It is asserted that understanding and identifying an organised crime groups ability and need to victimise individuals, groups or businesses is an important element to understanding the context of organised criminal offending. This led to the development of a Victimological Framework and further defined the organised crime attribute, ‘victimisation’; which was incorporated into the research on the context of organised crime involvement in sex-trafficking crimes in Australia.  This presentation provides the case for an evidence-based approach to understanding victimological characteristics in the context of organised crime activities.


Mark Langhorn is an Inspector with Victoria Police.  He is the Local Area Commander of Greater Dandenong.

Mark’s current projects include working with council to combat a growing homelessness crisis.  In addition, Mark has partnered with Leadership Victoria, the Department of Justice & Community Safety and Greater Dandenong Council to develop young and emerging leaders from culturally diverse backgrounds.

Mark has worked in several crime investigation roles and previously worked as the Officer in Charge of the Sexual Crime Squad and is proud of the role he played in bringing about the Inquiry into Institutional Abuse.

Mark is a Williamson Community Leadership Program 2018 alumnus; he holds a Master of Research and Master of Public Policy & Administration.  His research fields have focused on the involvement and context of organised crime involvement in sex trafficking in Australia.

Mark was awarded a Winston Churchill Fellowship to study transnational crime investigation methods & training practices.

Australia & New Zealand Society of Evidence Based Policing

The Australia & New Zealand Society of Evidence Based Policing (ANZSEBP) was formed in April 2013 in Brisbane, Australia. The ANZSEBP is a police practitioner-led Society. The mission of the ANZSEBP is to develop, disseminate and advocate for police to use scientific research (“the evidence”) to guide best practice in all aspects of policing. The ANZSEBP Chairperson serves on the Executive Board of the British Society of Evidence Based Policing, ensuring that the ANZSEBP works cooperatively with an international group of police to advance evidence based policing.

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